Chapter 01 Matter and Energy Book Notes from Chemistry an atoms focused approach. Describes the states of matter and how their physical properties can be explained by the particulate nature of matter. Distinguish between potential and kinetic energy. Distinguish between the classes of matter and how they differ at the particle level. Distinguish between physical processes and chemical reactions between physical and chemical properties. Apply the COAST approach to solving problems. Describe the scientific method. Distinguish between exact and uncertain values and express uncertain values with the appropriate number of significant figures. Accurately convert values from one set of units to another.